As vast clouds of dust and gas collapse to form rotating galaxies, it is possible that gravitational interactions could cause space-time to rotate, producing the same observations currently attributed to Dark Matter and Dark Energy.
How Rotating Space-Time May Explain the
Affects Attributed to Dark Matter and Dark Energy
9, June 2017modified 14, June, 2017
It is possible that vast areas of rotating space-time may be responsible for the observations attributed to the concepts of both dark matter and dark energy.
Two main observations are responsible for the theory of dark matter. The first is that the stars in spiral galaxies orbit at the same speed, meaning they all move as if connected to each other with far more gravity than produced by the stars themselves. The second observation is gravitational lensing. Large galaxy clusters appear to warp space, distorting the light from the galaxies behind them. The mass of the stars in the clusters is not sufficient to produce the amount of distortion observed, so dark matter is theorized to account for the additional gravitational effect. No physical evidence of dark matter has been discovered in more than 30 years of serious investigation, and this may be because dark matter does not exist.
Dark energy is a concept attempting to explain the observation that galaxies are moving apart from each other at ever increasing speeds. Rotating space-time could explain the acceleration of the expansion of the universe without relying upon upon a new, undiscovered force like dark energy.
The Possible Cause and Effect of Rotating Space-Time
All matter in the universe is assumed to exist within a medium we refer to as space-time. Light traveling through this medium is observed to bend around massive objects, which clearly illustrates that mass interacts with the space-time around it. The nature of this interaction appears to be the compression or “pulling together” of space-time toward mass. As interstellar gas and dust collapse into rotating disks to form stars and galaxies, the combined mass of these particles can interact with space-time across thousands of light years for millions of years. It is possible that this continual interaction could cause vast areas of space-time to be pulled along with the mass moving through it, forming vast areas of rotating space-time surrounding massive objects like stars and galaxies.
Rotating space-time would account for the way stars move in galaxies without the necessity for the additional mass attributed to dark matter, because the space itself would be rotating, moving the stars along with it.
Rotating space would be curved along the path of rotation. Light coming from behind a galaxy cluster where space is rotating would travel along the curve of the rotating space, producing the effect of “gravitational lensing” being observed.
It is possible that the rotation of space-time around galaxies produces “momentum” in the space between the galaxies. The constant push of rotating space against more stationary space could produce a form of kinetic energy which moves through space, or may expand space itself. The effect could be similar to how causing water to rotate in the center of a large pond would cause pressure waves to radiate outward, eventually causing objects suspended in the water to move in the same outward direction. This could explain why the expansion of the universe appears to be accelerating, without the need for a yet to be discovered force like dark energy.
Here are two potential ways to test if space-time is rotating around the Sun. It is assumed that space-time would be rotating in the same direction as the planets.
TEST ONE: If two spacecraft are sent in opposite directions to orbit the Sun along the plane of the Earths orbit, at exactly the same speed, the spacecraft traveling in the opposite direction of the rotation of space-time should take longer to complete the orbit around the Sun because it would have to travel through more space.
TEST TWO: If a spacecraft is launched from Earth in exactly the opposite direction that the Earth orbits the Sun, at exactly the same speed that the Earth is orbiting (28.9 km/s or 66,615mph), the spacecraft will become stationary relative to the Sun. Without the angular momentum of being in orbit, the spacecraft should be pulled by gravity directly into the Sun in a straight line. If, however, space-time is rotating around the Sun, the path of decent should curve in the direction space-time is rotating.
It should also be possible to use computer modeling to determine the effects of moving space-time on the formation of the universe.